Edorium Journal of

Dentistry

 
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Original Article
 
Antibacterial properties of new calcium based cement prepared from egg shell
Emad F. Alkhalidi1, Talal H. Alsalman1, Amer A. Taqa2
1Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul.
2Department of DBS, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul.

Article ID: 100006D01EA2015
doi:10.5348/D01-2015-6-OA-4

Address correspondence to:
Amer A. Taqa
Department of DBS, College of Dentistry
University of Mosul

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How to cite this article
Alkhalidi EF, Alsalman TH, Taqa AA. Antibacterial properties of new calcium based cement prepared from egg shell. Edorium J Dent 2015;2:21–28.


Abstract
Aims: The study was conducted to evaluate the pH and antimicrobial properties of newly prepared calcium based cement, polycarboxylate cement and biodentine material.
Methods: The new cement was prepared from egg shell, for pH measurements, 9 standard discs (6 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness) were prepared for each material, The antibacterial effects of set specimens against Streptococcus mutans, oral Lactobacillus and Enterococcus faecalis were assessed by agar diffusion tests, 90 discs shaped specimens (30 of each type of materials; 6 mm in diameter x 2 mm in thickness) were prepared. Three discs, one for each material was placed on each agar plate, and the plates incubated for 24 hours. After incubation, the diameter of inhibition zone was measured at three different points and the mean value was used as the result of the specimen.
Results: Statistically significant differences were identified between cements, calcium based cement and biodentine exhibited higher mean values of pH than polycarboxylate cement, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test were done to evaluate the effect of materials against each type of bacteria, it showed that the inhibition zones produced by experimental cement were statistically significantly larger than those produced by the other materials.
Conclusion: Within the limitation of this research, it was concluded that new calcium based cement has a better antimicrobial properties than biodentine and polycarboxylate cement.

Keywords: Antimicrobial, Biodentine, Calcium based cement, Polycarboxylate cement

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Author Contributions:
Emad F. Alkhalidi – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Talal H. Alsalman – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Amer A. Taqa – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2015 Emad F. Alkhalidi et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Authors

Emad Farhan Alkhalidi is Lecturer at conservative dentstry Department collage of dentistry, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq. He earned undergraduate degree (BDS) from Collage of dentistry, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq and postgraduate degree form (MSc) from Conservative dentistry, collage of dentistry, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq. He has published seven research papers in national and international academic journals. His research interests include operative dentistry, root canal, pulp treatment.



Talal H. Al-Salman is Assistant Professor in conservative dentistry department and the dean of dentistry college, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq. He earned BDS. degree from dentistry college, University of Mosul, Iraq. And MSc degree in operative dentistry from university of Baghdad, Iraq. PhD degree in fixed prosthodontics from university of Damascus, Syria. He published twenty research papers in national and international academic journals. His research interest include restorative dentistry, operative dentistry, and implantology.



Amer A. Taqa is Professor at Dental Basic Science, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq. He earned BSc degree from Chemistry Department, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq and MSc Degree from Chemistry Department, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq, and postgraduate degree form PhD degree in Dental chemistry from Chemistry Department, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq. He has published 88 research papers in national and international academic journals and authored 19 books. His research interests include dental chemistry, medical chemistry, inorganic chemistry. He is editorial members in more than 50 international journals.




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