Edorium Journal of

Dentistry

 
     
Original Article
 
Pattern and treatment needs of traumatized anterior permanent teeth in a sub-urban area in Lagos State
Piponsuhu RA1, Agbaje MO1, Osisanya MO2, Oyapero A3
1Department of Child Dental Health, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos.
223, Joel Ogunnaike Street, GRA, Ikeja, Lagos.
3Department of Preventive Dentistry, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos.

Article ID: 100020D01PA2016
doi:10.5348/D01-2016-20-OA-7

Address correspondence to:
Oyapero A.
Department of Preventive Dentistry
Lagos State University Teaching Hospital
Ikeja
Lagos

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How to cite this article
Piponsuhu RA, Agbaje MO, Osisanya MO, Oyapero A. Pattern and treatment needs of traumatized anterior permanent teeth in a sub-urban area in Lagos State. Edorium J Dent 2016;3:54–62.


Abstract
Aims: The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence, pattern and treatment needs of traumatized permanent anterior teeth of secondary school children aged 11–15 years in Ojokoro Local Council Development Area, Lagos (South West Nigeria).
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1265 secondary school children from both private and public secondary schools in Ojokoro Local Council Development Area, Lagos State. A multistage sampling technique was adopted to select study participants. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used for data collection and school children with positive history of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) had intra-oral examination to determine the type of fracture sustained, tooth involved, number of tooth/teeth affected and type of treatment received.
Results: The prevalence of TDI was 16.7%. Private school children had a higher prevalence (24.3%) compared with those in public schools (15.1%) [p = 0.001]. More males were affected with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1 (p = 0.003). The maxillary arch was more involved (95.7%) and majority of the respondents (93.8%) had a single tooth injury. The maxillary central incisors were mostly affected (86.3%); the most common type of fracture was enamel fracture (56.4%) and most of these injuries occurred at home.
Conclusion: Traumatic dental injuries require prompt attention to prevent the ensuing complications of delayed treatment. School and community based oral health education should be carried out in order to create the neccessary awareness about traumatic dental injuries and to encourage prompt management.

Keywords: Anterior permanent teeth, School children, Traumatic dental injuries (TDI), Treatment needs


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Author Contributions:
Piponsuhu R.A. – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Agbaje M.O. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Osisanya M.O. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Oyapero A. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2016 Piponsuhu R.A. et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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